Straddling Asia on one side and Europe on the other and embracing both continents, Istanbul is a city that enshrines in the memory of its visitors, offering historical and natural wonders, artistic and cultural events, the Bosphorus, the Historical Peninsula, the Blue Mosque, the Golden Horn and the mesmerizing ambiance. Istanbul had been ruled by the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire and the Ottomans respectively. It served as the capital city of the Ottoman Empire that dominated the continents and forged a large land of peace. The city currently and proudly preserves the traces of this imposing past on one hand, and moves forward for a modern future on the other. For centuries, the residents or those paying a visit to the city for a variety of reasons have been enchanted by the infinite treasures that the city offers. Above all, Istanbul enjoys natural wonders and bountiful perspectives unearthed by the convergence of fertile lands with the waters of the Bosphorus, the Golden Horn, the Marmara Sea and the Black Sea. The city is a vibrant hub of trade as it is equipped with a natural port accompanied by a spectacular hinterland in the Anatolia and located where the civilizations meet.

The produces from all around the world are collected here to be distributed in all corners of the globe. The market places have always been hectic and the city water have always been bountiful of ships. The city is also a political hub. The world's most powerful forces had always been on the throne of Istanbul for centuries. It is still of international importance in politics whereas people have decked out Istanbul with the most precious monuments and works of art for centuries. The museums are fraught with the traces of the past and current residents. The mosques, churches and synagogues are juxtaposed to one another in peace as monuments of various beliefs. The squares, streets, palaces, mansions or modern buildings all house numerous legends and stories. Spectating this city on the banks of the Bosphorus at the sunset, you get to see what makes it so enchanted and the fact that Istanbul is "a city located in the heart of the world" is set in stone.

The finest monuments of the city are situated in the Golden Horn, the Marmara Sea and the Historical Peninsula located beyond the city walls. The domed and minaret-equipped silhouettes of more than 500 mosques that rise on the hills of Istanbul create a dazzling ambiance. If you take a look at the Historical Peninsula off the sea or the Salacak coast, you'll feel like as if you were in a dream between the past and the present. One one hand is the Blue Mosque that has grown into an icon for Istanbul with its six minarets as it is named after the blue glazed tiles in decoration, rising to the sky, and on the other hand is the world-famous Hagia Sophia built at the behest of the Emperor Justinian, looking like it has taken root in the earth with all its greatness. In the balance of contrast emotions caused by the two works of art, people gain insight into what Istanbul truly stands for. Overlooking these two magnificent monuments off another hill, the Suleymaniye Mosque is the epitome of the Ottoman architecture.

Historic places to visit in Istanbul



  • Hagia Sophia Museum
  • Archeological Museum
  • Topkapi Palace Museum
  • Rahmi Koç Industrial Museum
  • Little Hagia Sophia Museum
  • Ss. Sergius and Bacchus Church
  • St. Irene (Hagia Irene)
  • Museum of Turkish and Islamic Works
  • Museum of Great Palace Mosaics
  • Karia Museum
  • Turkish Carpet Museum
  • The Basilica Cistern
  • Aviation Museum
  • Naval Museum
  • Atatürk Museum


  • Topkapı Palace
  • Dolmabahçe Palace
  • Çırağan Palace
  • Beylerbeyi Palace
  • Yıldız Palace